New Delhi, August 18
The Union Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday gave its approval for ratification of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer for phasedown of Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) by India, adopted by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol at its 28th meeting in October 2016 at Kigali, Rwanda.
As per the applicable phasedown schedule for India, the national strategy for HFC phasedown will be developed after required consultation with all the industry stakeholders by 2023, an official statement said.
Amendments to the existing legislation framework, the Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation and Control) Rules to allow appropriate control of the production and consumption of HFC to ensure compliance with the Kigali Amendment will be done by mid-2024, it added.
The HFC phasedown is expected to prevent greenhouse gas emissions, helping prevent climate change and would benefit the people. The industry producing and consuming HFC will be phasing out as per the agreed schedule under and transition to non-HFC and low global warming potential technologies.
HFC phasedown is expected to prevent the emission of up to 105 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent of greenhouse gases, helping to avoid up to 0.5 degrees Celsius of global temperature rise by 2100 while continuing to protect the ozone layer.
The phasedown implementation will involve synergies with ongoing government programmes and schemes of the Government of India with the objective to maximize the economic arid social co-benefits, besides environmental gains.
There would be scope for domestic manufacturing of equipment as well as alternative non-HFC and low-global warming potential chemicals to enable the industry to transition to the low global warming potential alternatives as per the agreed HFC phase down schedule. In addition, there would be opportunities to promote domestic innovation for new generation alternative refrigerants and related technologies, according to the statement
While HFCs do not deplete the stratospheric ozone layer, they have a high global warming potential ranging from 12,000 to 14,000, which have an adverse impact on climate.